North Africa and Its Jews during the Second World War

 

North Africa and Its Jews during the Second World War

 

New Research

 

International Conference

 

April 28-30, 2008

Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi
Jerusalem

 

Legend:     

H – Hebrew   F – French 

 

Academic Committee:

Prof. David Bankier, Yad Yashem & Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Dr. Tikva Fatal-Knaani, Yad Vashem

Michael Glatzer, Ben-Zvi Institute

Prof. Dan Michman, Yad Vashem & Bar-Ilan University

Dr. Haim Saadoun, The Open University of Israel,
Hebrew University of Jerusalem & Ben-Zvi Institute

On the cover:

Rafael Uzan (b. 1922)

The Germans Entering Nabel, Tunisia, 1942

Gouache, ink and pencil on paper

Collection of the Yad Vashem Art Museum, Jerusalem

Gift of the artist

 

 

 

Monday, April 28, 2008

Special Session for Teachers:

Shaping the Memory of the War Period

Chair: Zvi Zameret, Director, Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi

Hanna Yablonka

"Oriental Jewry and the Shoah" – How Do Oriental Jews in Israel Relate to the Shoah? (H)

Haim Saadoun

Historiography and Shaping the Historical Memory of the Second World War in North Africa (H)

Michal Ronen

A Characterization of the Life Stories of Survivors of the Giado Camp, Libya 1942-1943 (H)

Discussion

 

Opening Session

Chair: Yom Tov Assis, Chairman, Ben-Zvi Institute

Greetings:

Nathan Eitan, Director General, Yad Vashem

Reuven Merhav, Chairman of the Executive, Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany

Jean-Michel Casa, Ambassador of France

Ahmed El Habassi, The Tunisian Representative to the Palestinian Authority

Haim Saadoun, Director of the Center for Information, Documentation and Research on North-African Jewry during WWII

The event will also be honored by the presence of the following Ambassadors:

Sandro de Bernardin, Ambassador of Italy

Harald Kindermann, Ambassador of Germany

          Eudaldo Mirapeix, Ambassador of Spain

Keynote Lecture

Michel Abitbol

The Second World War and the Beginning of the End of Jewish Presence in North Africa (H)


Tuesday, April 29, 2008

Session II:  The Jews and Their

 Surroundings

Chair: Irit Abramski-Bligh, Yad Vashem

Rachel Simon

Home Front: Jews in the Libyan Countryside during WWII (H)

Daniel Zisenwine

Disinterested Sympathizers: Moroccan Nationalists and Moroccan Jews during WWII

Filippo Petrucci

The Abolition of the Crémieux Decree and the Reaction of the Algerian Population – Completion of a Long Antisemitic Journey (F)

11:00 Break

 

Session III: German Propaganda in North

       Africa during the Thirties and Responses

Chair: David Bankier, Yad Vashem, Hebrew University
of  Jerusalem

Remarks:

Harald Kindermann, Ambassdor of Germany

Chantal Metzger

North Africa in the Third Reich's Strategy in the  1930's (F)

Martin Cuppers

The Third Reich's Propaganda in North Africa during WWII

Eli Bar-Chen

The Jewish Boycott in North Africa after
the Rise of the Nazis to Power in Germany
(H)

Emanuel Debono

The Dynamics of Antisemitism in North Africa on the Eve of WWII (F)

 

Session IV: Jewish Refugees and

Welfare Agencies

Chair: Eli Lederhendler,  Chairman of the Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Isabelle Rohr

Haven in the Maghreb: Jewish Refugees in Tangier (1939-1945)

Michael Laskier

Maghrebi Jewry on the Eve and during the World Jewish Congress Conference in Atlantic City: 1944 (H)

Michal Ben Ya`akov

Hélène Cazes Ben Attar and Her Activity on Behalf of Jewish Refugees in Morocco, 1940-1943 (H)

 

Special Session: Literature and Colonial

        History

Chair: David Mendelson, Tel Aviv University

Guy Dugas

Literary Images of the Period (1939-1945)
in Jewish Mediterranean Literature in French
(F)

Wednesday, April 30, 2008

Session V: The Hidden and the Revealed:

      Competing Interests

Chair: Daniel Haik, Director of the World Sephardi Federation

Mitchell Serels

Spies and Counter-spies, Nazis and Refugees: Tangier during WWII

Claude Nataf

Jewish Leadership in Tunisia vis-à-vis Vichy and the Nazis (F)

Joseph Chetrit  

The Community of Mogador under the Vichy Regime: Life under Terror (according to Written and Oral Documents) (H)

 

Session VI: Representation of the Period

 in Newspapers and Literature by Local

Writers

Chair: Tobie Nathan, Culturel Adviser, Embassy of France

Denis Charbit

Difference and Internal Exile: The Memory  of Antisemitic Legislation in French Algeria in the Writings of Jacques Derrida and Benjamin Stora (F)

Norbert Bel Ange

In the Darkness of Vichy: The Jews of Mostaganem and Tlemcen and their Children in the Bedeau Camp according to the Local Press (F)

 

Concluding Session

Concluding Remarks: Dan Michman, Yad Vashem
& Bar-Ilan
University
 


Participants

Prof. Michel Abitbol, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Dr. Irit Abramski-Bligh, Yad Vashem

Prof. Yom Tov Assis, Chairman, Ben-Zvi Institute

Dr. Eli Bar-Chen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München

Norbert Bel Ange, Grenoble

Prof. David Bankier, Yad Vashem & Hebrew University
of  Jerusalem

Dr. Michal Ben Ya`akov, Efrata College, Jerusalem

Dr. Denis Charbit, The Open University of Israel

Prof. Joseph Chetrit, Haifa University

Dr. Martin Cüppers, Universität Stuttgart

Emanuel Debono, l’Institut d’Etudes politiques, Paris

Prof. Guy Dugas, Université de Montpellier & Université de Sorbonne

Daniel Haik, Director of the World Sephardi Federation

Dr. h.c. Harald Kindermann, Ambassador of Germany

Prof. Michael Laskier, Bar-Ilan University

Prof. Eli Lederhendler,  Chairman of the Avraham Harman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem Prof. David Mendelson, Tel Aviv University

Dr. Chantal Metzger, Université Nancy II

Prof. Dan Michman, Yad Vashem & Bar-Ilan University

Claude Nataf, Président de la Société d'Histoire des Juifs
de Tunisie, Paris

Tobie Nathan, Culturel Adviser, Embassy of France

Filippo Petrucci, Università degli Studi di Cagliari, Sardinia

Dr. Isabelle Rohr, New York University

Michal Ronen, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Dr. Haim Saadoun, The Open University of Israel,
Hebrew University of Jerusalem & the Ben-Zvi Institute

Dr. Mitchell Serels, Berkeley College, New York

Dr. Rachel Simon, Princeton University

Prof. Hanna Yablonka, Ben-Gurion University
of the Negev

Dr. Zvi Zameret, Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi

Dr. Daniel Zisenwine, Tel Aviv University

 

Conference Secretariat

Tamar Fuks, Ben-Zvi Institute

Lilach Shtadler, Yad Vashem

 

 Photos from the Conference 

ד"ר חיים סעדון נואם במושב המקדים

צילום קבוצתי של החוקרים שהשתתפו בכינוס

ד"ר הארלד קינדרמן, שגריר גרמניה בישראל, נואם במושב הפתיחה

מר סנדרו דה-ברנדין, שגריר איטליה בישראל, נואם במושב הפתיחה

מר אודלדו מירפייקס, שגריר ספרד בישראל, נואם במושב הפתיחה

ד"ר חיים סעדון, מנהל מרכז התיעוד, נואם במושב המקדים

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