סוף 1942-נקודת מפנה במלחמת העולם השנייה ובהבנת הפתרון הסופי?

The Ben-Zvi Institute
The Documentation Center of
 North African Jewry during WWII
Supported by the Claims Conference

                                    

Yad Vashem
The International Institute for
Holocaust Research

 

 


INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE


The End of 1942

A Turning Point in World War II and
in the Comprehension of the Final Solution?

December 17-20, 2012


The conference proceedings will be in Hebrew and English with simultaneous translation in Yad Vashem Auditorium,
Har Hazikaron, Jerusalem


With the generous support of 
The Gertner Center for International Holocaust Conferenc
The Gutwirth Family Fund

*     *     *
Monday, 17 December 2012

09:00-09:30 Gathering 

09:30-11:00 Opening Session

Chair: Bella Gutterman
Director of the International Institute for Holocaust Research, Jerusalem, Israel

Opening Words
Avner Shalev
Chairman of the Yad Vashem Directorate, Jerusalem, Israel

Prof. Yom Tov Assis
Chairman, Ben-Zvi Institute
Ben-Zvi Institute of Yad Ben-Zvi

 

Dan Michman
Head of the International Institute for Holocaust Research - Yad Vashem, Jerusalem; Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel


Keynote Address:  World War II – The Political Context
Antony James Beevor
Visiting Professor at Birkbeck College University of London, and at University of Kent
The Eastern Front and the Military Context, 1941-1942

11:00-11:30 Coffee Break

11:30-13:15 Session 1
The Allied Declaration and Its Impact

Chair –  Arieh Kochavi
 University of Haifa

Florent Brayard
Historical Research Center (EHESS), Paris, France
Those Who Didn’t Believe. On the Reception of the Inter-Allied Declaration of December 1942

Michal Ben Ya’akov
Efrata College
When Was the Turning Point?  Official Declarations of the American Jewish Congress After Operation Torch

Jan Láníček
Center for Jewish History (Research Fellow)
Czechoslovakia and the Allied Declaration of 17 December 1942

13:15-14:30 Lunch Break

14:30-15:54 Session 2
The Declarations and Statements: What Message Did They Convey?

Chair – Tuvia Friling 
 Ben-Gurion Research Institute for the Study of Israel and Zionism

Dina Porat
Tel Aviv University, Israel
The Jewish Agency’s Announcement of November 23, 1942 and Its Significance – A Reinterpretation

Paul O’Shea
Rosebank College; University of New South Wales; University of Technology, Sydney
Vatican and Pope Pius XII – end of 1942 (revise)

David Silberklang
Yad Vashem
Historiography on the Allied Declaration

Discussion

15:45-16:00 Coffee Break

Tuesday, 18 December 2012

9:30-11:00 Session 3
The Problem of Real-Time Comprehension

Chair – Dalia Ofer
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Shlomo Aronson
Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Tel Aviv University
Allied Theaters of War Worldwide End of 1942, and Jewish Fates at the Ttime

Jürgen Matthäus
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, D.C., USA
The Haziness of Hindsight: Early Perceptions of Organized Mass Murder and the Post-War Comprehension of the “Final Solution”

Aomar Boum
University of Arizona
Between History and Rumor:  The Holocaust in Moroccan National Narratives

11:00-11:30 Coffee Break

11:30-13:15 Session 4
Comprehension and Reality

Chair – Judy Baumel-Schwartz
 Bar-Ilan University

Joel Zisenwine
Yad Vashem
The Intelligence Community and the Holocaust:  Was December 1942 a Turning Point?

Zohar Segev
University of Haifa
What did the World Jewish Congress Know About the Fate of European Jewry at the End of 1942?  Sources and Interpretation

Laszlo Karsai
University of Szeged
The Holocaust as Relayed in the Hungarian Press of 1942 (Revise and focus on the end of 1942)

Discussion

13:15-14:30 Lunch Break

14:30-16:15 Session 5
The North African Theatre: Operation Torch and Its Impact

Chair – Yaacov Yaniv
 Director of Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi

Patrick Bernhard
FRIAS, Freiburg University
In the Shadow of El Alamein: Italian War Crimes and Persecution of the Jews in North Africa in the Context of the Final Solution in Europe

Yossi Brill
The Ben-Zvi Institute
Last Moments: The last days of German officers in Tunisia in the World War II


Meir Zamir
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
The Moroccan Sultan's Approach to Germany after Torch and the ex-Mufti Amin al-Hussaini's Involvement

Discussion

16:15-16:45 Coffee Break

16:45- 18:15 Screening Film - Visual Center


Wednesday, 19 December 2012

9:30-11:15 Session 6
North African Jewry in the Immediate Aftermath of Operation Torch

Chair – Thomas H. Goldberger
   Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of the United States of America

Filippo Petrucci
University of Cagliari
Lasting Impact of Vichy, New Horrors of Nazism: The Existential Challenges of North African Jews at the end of 1942


Emmanuel Debono
Center of the 20th Century Social History
The Difficult Recovery of the Crémieux Degree (8 November 1042 - 2 October 1943)

Haim Saadon
Ben Zvi Institute; and the Open University
Jewish Leaders in North Africa During and After Operation Torch:  What Did They Understand, What Did They Do?

11:15-11:45 Lunch Break

11:45-13:30 Session 7
The Eastern Front

Chair –  Mordechai Altshuler
Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Zvi Gitelman
University of Michigan
The Contradictory Flows of the Tides of War: Soviet Jewish Combatants’ Experiences

Kiril Feferman
Russian Holocaust Centre
Keeping Stalingrad in Mind? Fluctuations of German Judenpolitik in the Northern Caucasus, November 22, 1942 – December 31, 1942

Viktoriya Sukovata
Kharkiv National Karazin University
The Holocaust in the Kharkiv Region and the Attitude of the Locals and Soviet Authorities to the Final Solution

Discussion

13:30-14:45 Lunch Break

14:45-16:30 Session 8
The Impact of the Turning Tide in North Africa on France

Chair –  Prof. Haggai Erlich
The Open University

Simon Epstein
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
The Forty Days of Admiral Darlan: The Impact of the Algier Cataclysm on the Vichy Regime (November – December 1942)

Alain Michel
Elkana Publishing House
November 1942, German army invaded the south of France: turning point in the fate of the Vichy France's Jews or not


Ludivine Broch
University of Bristol
The End of the Line? Allied Landings, Jewish Deportations and French Railways in 1942

Discussion


Thursday, 20 December 2012

9:30-11:30 Session 9
Changing Tides of War and the Declarations: 
Reflections in Jewish Writings Under Nazi Rule

Chair – Havi Dreifuss
 Tel Aviv University

Witold Medykowski
Yad Vashem
Reflection of the News of the German Defeats and Official Declarations About the Mass Murder Campaign Against the Jews at the End of 1942 in Writings of the Polish Jews Under the German Occupation

Tzahi (Isaac) Hershkovitz
Bar-Ilan University
Educational and Rabbinic Responses to Rumors and Developments During the War to the end of 1942

Discussion
 
11:30-12:00 Coffee Break

12:00-13:45 Session 10
Knowledge, Comprehension and Their Impact: Other Aspects

Chair – Colette Avital
 Center of Organizations of Holocaust Survivors in Israel

Gerhard Steinacher
University of Nebraska at Lincoln
The Red Cross and the Holocaust:  The Years 1942 and 1944 as Turning Points in Humanitarian Intervention

Piotr Setkiewicz
State Museum Auschwitz
The Destruction of Jews in Auschwitz in Reports by the Polish Resistance Movement

Jonathan Goldstein
University of West Georgia at Carrollton
Manila Jewry in 1942: From Survivors to Victims

Discussion

13:45-15:00 Lunch Break

15:00-16:30 Conclusion
Chair: Dina Porat
          Chief Historian of Yad Vashem, Jerusalem; Tel Aviv University, Israel

Keynote Address (2):  World War II – The Political Context
Gerhard Weinberg
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, N.C., USA
From Allied Defeat to Allied Victory; From World-Wide Holocaust to a Limited Holocaust

Dina Porat
Chief Historian of Yad Vashem, Jerusalem; Tel Aviv University, Israel

Haim Saadon
Head, Documentation Project of North African Jewry During WWII, Ben Zvi Institute; and Open University, Israel

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 


 


תאריך 17/12/2012 09:00 - 20/12/2012
מיקום Yad Vashem Auditorium,Har Hazikaron, JerusalemYad
מארגן האירוע מכון בן צבי 02-5398844
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